Imperial Examination and the Writers' Periodic Gathering in Song Dynasty
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
两宋时期,以应举为目的或以科举为背景而产生的宋代文人的期集,按其形式与内容,可分为两种:一类为讲学型期集,主要以讲会、文会、课会等为代表;另一类是礼仪社交型期集,主要以同年会与乡会为代表。讲学型期集,其功能较为单一,主要为举子应试服务;礼仪社交型期集,其功能较为复杂,系宋代文人开展政治、社交、文学活动的重要平台。论文侧重于史料的挖掘与整理,主要从期集目的、组织形式、活动内容及功能发挥等四个方面归纳与总结这两种类型期集的各自特点与活动规律,以期为全面而深入地了解宋代科举文化的丰富性和多样性,奠定较丰厚的史料基础。There are two kinds of writers' periodic gatherings for preparing the imperial examination or taking the examination as the background according to the form and content in Song Dynasty.One kind is lecture gathering ,which mainly takes"Jiang Hui" ,"Wen Hui","Ke Hui" as representatives; The other kind is social gathering, mainly taking classmate meeting and fellow villager meeting as representatives. The function of the lecture gathering is more unitary, and it serves the candidates mainly; The function of social gathering is more complex, which is the important platform for the writers to take part in politics, public relations, and the literature activities in Song Dynasty. This article stresses on the discovery and reorganization of the historical data, summarizing the respective characteristic and the rule of their holding of these two types of periodic gathering mainly from the goal, the form of organization, the content and the display of its function, aiming to lay the rich historical data foundation for understanding the richness and the multiplicity of the imperial examination culture of Song Dynasty comprehensively and deeply.