LI Guang-di’s vision on Zhouyi can tong qi
李光地是清初著名的理学名臣和易学名臣,其学术思想十分丰富。他对《周易参同契》的研究很有见地,主张"契"合人身,同时他以儒解"契",以易参"契",提出了对《参同契》独到的看法。他认为《参同契》讲的道理就是人身的道理,《参同契》只说一身,其实一身即天地;他还详细论述了《参同契》中的"魂魄论";他以儒家的立场分析《参同契》,认为儒、道、佛三教的根源不同,修行工夫却是一样的,这是对明儒的一种反驳。他认为《参同契》和《易》所言许多道理都是一致的,同时他还对《参同契》和《易》的具体关系做过一些考察。这些结论在清初是难能可贵的,对我们今天研究《周易参同契》也有很大的指导意义。LI Guang-di is a famous official expert in both Neo-Confucianism and Yi studies.He has a deep insight into Zhouyi can tong qi (Talisman of the Three Receptacles Based on the Zhouyi) and holds that the book is about human body. Meanwhile, he interprets Can tong qi by Neo-Confucianism which is compared by LI with Yi, and proposes his original views. LI believes that what Can tong qi explicates is the theory of human body which actually embodies the heaven and earth; furthermore, LI elucidates the theory of soul in Can tong qi; he analyzes the book from Confucian standpoint, regarding that Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism have different sources but the same theory of cultivation and practice, being a refutation to the confucian scholars' view in the Ming dynasty. LI plumbs the correlation between Can tong qi and Yi and holds that they share many identical ideas. LI's conclusion on the book is of high value in the beginning of the Qing dynasty and it is still significant for us to study Can tong qi today.