The Significance of Enlightenment and the Rationality of Modernity——Foucault's "Attitude towardsModernity"
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
福柯将现代哲学的本质视为对“什么是启蒙”这一问题的回答。从根本上说,他对启蒙所持的是一种肯定的态度,认为它对当代哲学具有根本意义。福柯把他的“现代性态度”归结为一种“哲学的质疑”,亦即“批判性质询”的品格。虽然他不满于“理性”的专断,对它的压制非理性有着尖锐的批评,但仍肯定理性所具有的“自我创造”性,以及由此产生的体现在科学文化、技术装备、政治组织等方面的“合理性”形式。Foucault regards the essence of modern philosophy as the answer to " What is enlightenment?" In the basic sense,he adopts a kind of positive attitude towards enlightenment and believes it is significant to contemporary philosophy.As to the "attitude" or "qualities" of modernity,Foucault attributes it to a kind of "Philosophical query",that is,a quality of "inquiries critically addressed." Although he is not satisfied with the arbitrary act of "reason" and criticizes it for its oppression of irrationality,he affirms the "self-creativeness" of reason and the "rational" form embodied in the aspects such as science and culture,technical equipment and political organization.Foucault's theory of rationality has its own unique characteristics.