Albidovulum xiamenense sp nov., a moderately thermophilic bacterium from a terrestrial hot spring
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An aerobic, motile, moderately thermophilic, rod-shaped bacterium, strain YBY-7(T), was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring of a garden exhibition located in Xiamen City, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China. Cells of strain Y8Y-7(T) were Gram-negative, irregular rods, 2-6 mu m long and 0.4-0.6 mu m wide, with polar flagella, and the organism formed beige colonies. The temperature and pH ranges for growth of strain YBY-7(T) were 28-65 degrees C (optimum 50-58 degrees C) and pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.5-8.5). Growth occurred in the presence of 5.5% NaCl (optimum 3.0%). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that Albidovulum inexpectatum FRR-10(T) was its closest neighbour (95.9% similarity). Ubiquinone (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone and the DNA G+C content of strain YBY-7(T) was 70.6 mol%. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The major fatty acids were C-18:1 omega 7c (29.3%), C-19:0 cyclo omega 8c (25.6%), C-18:0 (23.6%) and C-16:0 (9.6%). Based on its physiological characteristics and our phylogenetic analysis, we propose that strain YBY-7(T) represents a novel species of the genus Albidovulum, for which the name Albidovulum xiamenense sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain YBY-7(T) (=MCCC 1A06317(T) =CGMCC 1.10789(T) =LMG 26247(T)).
CitationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY，2012,62:1609-1612