A Study on the Scientific Skepticism and Critical Spirit of Chu Tsai-Yu's Hsin Fa Mi Li
科学观察和科学实验的直接目的和结果,是积累作为理论知识基础的科学事实。而科学事实的提炼离不开科学怀疑与科学批判。我国历史上杰出的艺术科学家朱载(公元1536年-1611年)于1581年发明了新法密率(即十二平均律)。此发明不仅是中国、也是世界乐律学史上的发展与进步。综观其发明全过程,可以发现科学观察和科学实验是其科学发明的认识基础,科学怀疑与科学批判之精神是其发明得以成功的重要保证。有鉴于此,文章以朱氏新法密率为研究中心,揭示其科学发明的深层缘由:其中包括科学观察与科学实验;科学怀疑与科学批判等方法。he direct purpose and result of scientific observation and experimentation is an accumulation in scientific fact used as the basal in theories. But to refine the scientific fact can not get away from the scientific skepticism and critical spirit. Chu Tsai - Yu, one of the most distinguished scientists and artists in Chinese history, invented Hsin Fa Mi Li (twelve- tone equal temperament), which was the development and progress of temperament not only in China, but also in the world through history. Take a comprehensive view of the whole process of that contrivance, we can discover that the scientific observation and scientific experimentation is the foundation of cognition in his scientific invention, and the scientific skepticism and critical spirit is an important successful guarantee of the contrivance. Accordingly, the paper takes the invention as the center of study, discloses the deeper cause and greater importance of this scientific invention, and gives a careful analysis on the scientific methods about the scientific observation and experimentation, and the scientific skepticism and critical spirit.