The Geographical Factors of the Rising of Marine Merchants in Fujian Province in the Song Dynasty
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
宋代是我国海外贸易发展十分活跃的时代。居于东南沿海的福建,作为两宋时期重要的经济区域和海外贸易的重镇,福建海商在宋代海外贸易进程中所扮演的角色和作用日显突出,逐渐崛起为国内沿海商人的代表。本文试从陆路交通条件的改善、海路交通技术的发展、区域港口地位的上升三方面地理因素,来探讨福建海商相较于其他区域的海商而言,更有条件在宋代这一特殊的历史时期有着特殊的表现。Song dynasty was one of the most active period of foreign trade. Fujian province, located in southeast costal region of China, was one of the most important provinces in our foreign trade. Marine merchants in Fujian province did business well and became the representatives of the domestic costal merchants in Song dynasty. In this text, I would discuss why marine merchants in Fujian province did better than other arrivals in other places according to the geographical factors of the improvement of the land transportation conditions, the development of marine transportation technology and the rising of the regional harbor position.