Gambogic acid activates AMP-activated protein kinase in mammalian cells
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a key role in maintaining intracellular and whole-body energy homeostasis. Activation of AMPK has been shown to ameliorate the symptoms of metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. Here we show that gambogic acid (GB), a known antitumor agent, activates AMPK by increasing the phosphorylation of AMPK alpha and its downstream substrate ACC in various cell lines. Further study revealed that GB stimulated AMPK activity independent of upstream kinases. Moreover, the AMPK inhibitor, compound C, has no effects on the GB-induced AMPK activation. We also found that GB promptly increased intracellular ROS level, and antioxidants attenuated the ROS production. Interestingly, only the thiol antioxidants significantly abolished GB-enhanced AMPK activation. In addition, analysis of binding and dissociation kinetics indicated that GB bound to the AMPK alpha. subunit. Collectively, these results suggest that GB may be a novel direct activator of AMPK. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitationBIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS,2012,424（1）：100-104