Cathepsin B-like and hemoglobin-type cysteine proteases: Stage-specific gene expression in Angiostrongy cantonensis
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Three cysteine protease genes, cathepsin B-like enzyme gene 1, 2 (AC-cathB-1, AC-cathB-2) and hemoglobin-type cysteine protease gene (AC-hem) were isolated and described from Angiostrongylus cantonensis adult. The deduced amino acid sequence of Ac-cathB-1 and AC-cathB-2 contain all of the conserved regions of cathepsin B. AC-cathB-2 is similar to a host intrusion-related cysteine protease B from Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, and the AC-hem shares high similarity to legumain from Haemonchus contortus. AC-cathB-1 was expressed significantly higher in L1 as compared with AC-hem, the AC-cathB-2 followed; AC-cathB-2 transcripts in L3 were found increased rapidly and obviously abundant, suggesting that AC-cathB-1 and AC-cathB-2 may play an important role in intermediate and final host invasion, separately. The cysteine protease genes were more or less expressed in adult stage excepted for AC-cathB-2. As the AC-cathB-1 and AC-hem highly expressed in adult worms, suggesting AC-hem may activate AC-cathB-1 which involved in the host invasion and feeding process. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.