Economic Globalization and the Economic Development of Southeast Asia
- 南海研究院-发表论文 
东南亚国家在20世纪80年代中期之后取得了经济的快速增长。国际货币基金组织和世界银行曾将东南亚的经济业绩归功于新自由主义理论和新宏观经济理论在东南亚的成功实践,亦归因于东南亚各国政府顺应经济全球化要求,在经济领域实行自由化、非制度化和私有化的改革,值得其他发展中国家所效法。但是,1997年突发的在东南亚经济史上前所未有、破坏性极强的金融危机,引起了人们对经济全球化的利益能否公平分享的质疑,促使东南亚各国政府重新认识、辩证地看待主要由发达国家推动的经济全球化,从而制定更加符合本国国情和本民族根本利益的经济发展战略与政策。The Southeast Asian countries achieved rapid economic growth from the mid - 1980s to 1997. The IMF and World Bank have attributed the Southeast Asian economic "miracle" to the successful regional applications of neo - liberal theory and new macroeconomic theory as well as to the liberalization, deregulation, and privatization reforms implemented by the Southeast Asian governments to comply with the trends of economic globalization. Therefore, the IMF and World Bank regarded the Southeast Asian countries as "models" for imitation by other developing countries. However, the sudden eruption of the unprecedented financial crisis in 1997 aroused doubts about whether the benefits of economic globalization can be equally shared by both developed and developing countries. After the crisis, the Southeast Asian governments began to dialectically re-evaluate the economic globalization promoted mainly by the developed countries in order to devise economic development strategies and policies that can best serve their national characteristics and interests .