National survey of the medical treatment status for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in China
- 医学院－已发表论文 
Introduction: Treatment choice for NSCLC in China has not previously been reported. This paper explores the clinical practice and adherence to treatment guidelines for NSCLC. Methods: A specifically designed questionnaire was used. It consisted of personal information of the responders and treatment details (patient identification data was excluded). Questionnaires were delivered to doctors in 12 major cities in China. Doctors were asked to answer the questionnaires based on real cases in their daily practice. Results: 987 cases of NSCLC were included. In first-line chemotherapy, regimens were mostly platinum-based among which gemcitabine plus platinum was predominately used (27.4%), followed by docetaxel plus platinum (16.2%) and paclitaxel plus platinum (13.5%). In second-line therapy some were treated with single agents, such as docetaxel (12.9%), gefitinib (11.1%), pemetrexed (9.3%), and erlotinib (3.5%). 44.5% were with doublet therapy. Detection rate of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation was only 9.6% because of the limited prevalence of testing technology. EGFR mutation rate was 46.8%. EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were used more frequently as salvage (14.8%) rather than upfront therapy (5.3%). Conclusions: This survey reveals the daily clinical treatment for NSCLC in China. Overall data showed modest adherence to the national guideline (NCCN guideline Chinese version) for first-line chemotherapy. We believe this survey is valuable to provide a reference for further clinical trial design and policy making. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.