Institutional Sluggish and The Opportunity of Change
制度滞后是制度需求与实际制度供给之间存在的差额,它是影响制度绩效和决定制度变迁选择时机的重要因素。本文通过建构制度滞后模型并在揭示制度绩效递减趋势的基础上提出了制度滞后的三个阶段,即制度滞后潜伏阶段、制度滞后显现阶段和制度滞后危害阶段。在对三个阶段分析的基础上又进一步刻画了制度滞后临界点并对变革时机的选择给予了明晰的论证。Institutional sluggish is the gap between the demand and real supply. It is an important factor to influence institutional effects and to decide the opportunity of institutional change. On the basis of setting up the model of institutional sluggish and giving the decreasing trend of institutional effects, the authors put forward three phases of institutional sluggish, the fist is sluggish latent phase, the second is sluggish showing phase, and the last is sluggish harm phase. Through the analysis of above, they advance the limit point of institutional sluggish and expounds the opportunity of institutional change.