Faking Residence:the People Migrated to Taiwan for Imperial Examination
- 台研院－已发表论文 
【中文摘要】清代前期,闽粤移民冒籍赴台参加科举考试的现象相当普遍,台湾地方官员对此往往采取默许的态度,闽省官员和巡台御史曾对其进行查禁和清理,但成效不彰。科举移民在一定程度上提高了当地人口的文化素质,改善了台湾这一边陲地区人口的文化结构。有的科举移民及其后裔还参与台湾的土地开发和文教设施建设,在促进当地社会经济繁荣和发展地方文教事业中作出贡献。清代前期台湾的科举移民是在特定的社会历史条件下出现的一种特殊现象,这一现象表明,海峡两岸人民之间除了地缘、血缘的关系外,在文化教育等方面也有极为密切的关系。【英文摘要】In the early Qing Dynasty,the migrations of examinees from Fujian and Guangdong to Taiwan was quite common.These examinees had the fake residence to take the imperial examination,which was acquiesced to by officials in Taiwan.Even though the Fujian officials and the imperial censors who inspected Taiwan adopted a series of measures to cope with this situation,it did not make much difference.The migrations benefited Taiwan in the following ways.Firstly,it improved to some extent,the cultural structure and quality of the local population. Secondly, it brought about the local development of education and econom ic growth due to the contributions of the imm igrants and their descendents. The emergence of the migrations of exam inees was a unique phenomenon in a special social and historical background, which reflected not only the close links in geographical location and blood ties, but also in education and culture between Fujian and Taiwan.