Taking a Serious Consideration of the Urgent Problems Related tothe Development of Science and Technology, Higher Education, andIndustrial Development in the New Century in China
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
近年来中国经济的快速发展和社会的全面进步,世界政治、经济和战略格局的变化以及中央提出的西部大开发战略的推进都对中国科技研发、高等教育与产业发展提出了新的要求和挑战。科技研发与高等教育如何在科教兴国,服务于国家经济建设,促进社会全面进步和协调发展的过程中更好地发挥作用,国有控股企业如何在激烈的国际竞争中保持快速发展,壮大国家的经济基础和实力,文化建设如何为国家的长期发展提供持久的推动力,已经成为社会各界广泛关注的问题。在中国社会从计划经济向市场经济全面转轨的过程中,这一问题的核心已经演变为如何进行系统的重大变革,全面建立基于新型文化发展体系之上的面向新世纪中国科技研发、高等教育与产业发展的新体系。本文在系统、深入分析中国科技研发、高等教育、文化建设与产业发展及其原有产学研合作体系存在的问题的基础上,提出了系统的、全面的改革的新观点和新思想,按照合理分工,相互合作,有进有退,科学配套,浑然一体的构思和设想,创造性地提出了一个新世纪中国科技研发、高等教育与产业发展新体系的构架,讨论了这样一个新型产学研合作体系的属性和基本任务,直面高等教育的改革和办学实践,重点阐述了科学办学、内涵发展、依法管理、无为而治的高等教育的改革思路和办学思想In recent years, with the quick economic development and all-round social progress in China, the great changes in the world politics, economics and global strategy, the advances in the strategy to develop China's west designed by the Central Government, the development of researches, science and technology, of higher education and industries in China are confronted with new requirements and challenges. How to bring the roles of the research institutes and universities into full play in the process of developing China by adhering to scientific research and education in order to serve the national economic construction better; how to promote the society to progress in an all-round and balanced way; how to maintain the fast development of state - owned proprietary enterprises in the fierce world competition in order to strengthen the national economic power, and how to ensure the enduring and sustainable force for the national development through education have become the main points attracting the people in different fields of the society. When China was experiencing a change from planned economy into market economy, the kernel of these problems have been evolved into how to reform and establish a new cooperative system for the development of research, science and technology, higher education and industries, which can meet the challenges in the new century and is based on the establishment of a new culture. The present paper, on the basis of a systematic and deep analysis of the development of research, science and technology , higher education, cultural construction and industries, and of the existing relevant problems in the past, has put forward a series of new ideas and thoughts for a systematic and all-round reform and creatively presented a new systematic framework for the development of research, science and technology, higher education and industries in China, in line with the following principles:reasonable division of work, good cooperation in work, forging ahead in some aspects and retreating in others, scientifically combined up and into one. That apart, it has discussed on the characteristics and tasks of such a new cooperative system for industry, education and scientific research, described the approaches to the reform and practice of higher education, emphasized on the management of higher education based on science, intension development and regulations, and analyzed, answered and related a series of the problems in the present academic field which are argued about heatedly and which are hard to solve. The paper strongly supports the scientifiability and rationalization of the new cooperative system.