The Research Survey of the Degrading-bacteria and Degrading-enzyme of Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticides
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
[中文文摘]拟除虫菊酯类农药目前已成为我国出口的蔬菜、水果中主要的3类农药残留之一,引起急慢性中毒事件也越来越多,对人类、水生生物和自然环境造成很大危险。而农药生物降解作为去除农药污染的有效手段,逐渐成为环境科学研究的热点。重点综述了拟除虫菊酯类农药降解菌的分离、降解酶的提取、纯化、降解机理、固定化研究,并对以后要解决的问题进行了展望。[英文文摘]Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides have become one of the three major kinds of pesticide residues in the exported vegetabes and fruits in China nowadays. They also caused more and more acute or chronic poisoning affair and do great damage to human beings, aquatic biology and natural environment. As an efficient way to remove pesticides pollution, the biodegradation of pesticides has gradually become the hot issue in the field of environmental sciences. The study on the separation of degrading-bacteria and the extraction, purification, mechanism and immobilization of the degrading-enzyme of pyrethroids is reviewed in this paper. And the problems under resolved in the future work are also prospected.