The Trade of Goods and Service:The Complementary Total Payments and The Substitute Relationship of the Balance of Payment
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
对相关主要国家货物贸易和服务贸易的数据分析表明,服务贸易和货物贸易总量上呈现出互补性特征,但是在各自差额上却呈现明显的替代性。本文研究认为,货物贸易和服务贸易差额的替代性体现了不同国家的比较优势所在。该结论的启示在于,服务部门发展和服务贸易发展是一个渐进的过程,而仅拥有劳动密集型制造业优势的发展中国家将可能长期存在服务贸易逆差。The analysis of the trade payments in service and goods indicates that, the total trade payments in service and goods are complementary but the balance of payment in service is substitute for that in goods. This paper argues that the substitution relation between the balance of trade payment in service and goods results from comparative advantage of different countries. Moreover, the developing countries with labor advantages will have the chronic trade deficits in service.