Deciphering effects of chemical structure on azo dye decolorization/degradation characteristics: Bacterial vs. photocatalytic method
Jing, You Hai
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
This study tended to kinetically disclose comparative assessment on characteristics of azo dye decolorization/degradation via bacterial and abiotic treatment. The result revealed that the ranking of abiotic degradation performance via photocatalysis was RB5 > RR198 > DY86 > RR141 > RB171 approximate to RG19 > RY84. In contrast, the ranking of bacterial decolorization was RR198 > RB5> RR141 > DY86 > RB171 > RY84 > RG19. Photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes was conducted by complete oxidation; however, dye biodegradation was carried out through reductive decolorization. For photodegradation, azo dyes containing electron-releasing groups (e.g., amino group in RB5) around azo bond would be more vulnerable for color removal than those with the electron-withdrawing groups (e.g., sulfo group in RB171, RG19 and RR141). On the other hand, azo dyes containing more electron-withdrawing groups (e.g., RR198, RB5 and RR141) in the proximity of azo bond(s) would be biodegraded in faster rates. This study disclosed that both the rate of photodegradation and biodegradation were significantly affected by the steric hindrance and electron density near the azo bond. Evidently, photodegradation would proceed in higher rates than biodegradation. In addition, complete mineralization of photodegradation could prevent the accumulation of intermediates via reductive biodegradation for clean-up of dye pollutants. (C) 2012 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.