Comparison of natural gas policy in major countries and its Enlightenments
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
对世界上6个天然气生产或消费国的天然气政策进行了分析比较。认为其政策共同点在于:重视通过政府政策对天然气市场进行引导;强调市场自由化对天然气供应安全的重要性;鼓励私人资本参与天然气市场基础设施建设;通过外交等手段实现进出口目标。这对我国加快天然气市场的发展具有重要的借鉴意义:即我国天然气发展一方面应立足国内资源,拓展融资渠道,加强勘探开发和基础设施建设,完善相关政策,加强政策引导与政府协调监管;另一方面应积极实施“走出去”战略,慎重稳妥地进口国外天然气和吸收利用国外天然气新技术,加快天然气科技发展。This paper analyzed and compared the natural gas production or consumption policy of six countries. Their policies in common are: attention to the natural gas market through government policy guidance; emphasis market liberalization on the importance of natural gas supply security; encouraging private capital participation in the natural gas market construction; Achieving import & export goals by means of diplomacy. They have important significances for China to accelerate its development of the natural gas market. On the one hand, our natural gas development should be based on domestic resources, expand financing channels, strengthen basic construction and the exploration & development, improve relevant policies, strengthen policy guidance and government coordination & supervision. On the other hand, we should be actively implemented the strategy of "going out". We also should carefully and prudently import foreign natural gas and make use of new technologies to accelerate the development of natural gas technology.