INCONFORMITY AND CONFORMITY OF INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION IN RESOURCE-BASED REGIONS——Taking Shanxi Province as an Example
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
中国及各地区普遍存在工业化与城市化偏差现象,资源型地区的偏差尤为严重,主要表现为水平与结构偏差,质量、速度、效率偏差。其成因主要在于工业布局与城市、城镇分布的偏离,单一的嵌入式的资源开发模式与城市化的偏离,生产、社会组织方式与城市化的偏离。这几方面的偏离,通过影响流动、集聚、创新三个基本要素的相互作用,打破了工业化与城市化关系演进中的动力与传导机制,进而形成二者之间的严重偏差。针对资源型经济的特点,文中提出工业化与城市化整合发展的思路与对策。Resource-based regions are the regions in which there is obviously resource-based economy,namely,and resource-based industry is more important to regional development than other industries.Resource-based product is the basic product of the intersectional trade,regional economic development mainly depends on the growth of resource-based industry,the economic growth is at the expense of a great deal resource use.Shanxi province is one of Chinese typical resource-based regions. Inconformity of industrialization and urbanization is universal in different districts in China.Degree of inconformity of industrialization and urbanization is the more serious in resource-based regions than other regions,which shows mostly in the two aspects,that is to say,the inconformity in the level and structure,the inconformity in the quality,rate and efficiency.In resource-based regions not only the rate of urbanization lags,but also structural inconformity is quite serious,such as in Shanxi province the proportion of non-agriculture employment is 36.2% below the proportion of non-agriculture product.The quality,rate and efficiency of industrialization and urbanization are lower than the level of industrialization and urbanization.The causes of the inconformity consist in the three aspects mainly: the inconformity of industry layout and urban distributing in the resource-based regions,the inconformity of the single mode of resource exploitation and urbanization,the inconformity of the pattern of production and social organization and urbanization. Aiming at resource-based economy,the thesis puts forward some thoughts and policies on the conformity of industrialization and urbanization.First,accelerating the transformation of industrial structure,largely developing urban-industries according to the urban function orientation.Second,establishing urban core status in the regional economic development,fully exerting urban activeness and positivity,perfecting urban various functions,enhancing urban agglomeration economic benefit.Third,it brings forward framework innovation,including within-firm framework innovation,and industry framework innovation.Finally,it advances idea changeover,especially to leaders and managers,from comparative advantages to competitive advantages.