Legal Consideration about the Subscription of B/L under FOB
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
在FOB合同下 ,依我国海商法的规定 ,会同时出现两个托运人即“托运人 1”(买方 )和“托运人 2”(卖方 )的情形。那么 ,谁有权取得提单 ?依据国际惯例以及提单的功能 ,FOB合同下的卖方 (托运人 2 )应有权取得提单 ,其取得提单的权利是由其地位的法定性决定的。当务之急 ,是对我国《海商法》42条加以修改 ,以明确两种托运人的权利和义务According to Maritime Law in our country, there are two shippers namely “shipper1” (purchaser) and “shipper2” (bargainer) under FOB. Then who can get the B/L legally? According as the international institution and the function of the B/L, bargainer (shipper2) has right to get the B/L under FOB, which is decided by his legal position. The law has no clear regulation about the right and the obligation of the shippers in China. It is impossible to avoid confusion during the international goods trade and transportation. So the urgent affairs are to amend the 42 clause in the Maritime Law in order to nail down the right and the obligation of the two shippers.