Spectroscopic Characterization on Interaction of Gold (Au ~(3+)) Biosorption by Bacillus megaterium D01
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
对休眠的巨大芽孢杆菌 (Bacillusmegatherium)D0 1菌体吸附Au3 + 的作用过程进行了谱学表征 .运用AAS考察了pH、时间和温度对D0 1菌体吸附Au3 + 过程的化学动力学和热力学相关参数的影响 .D0 1菌粉中硫元素含量的EDX分析说明该菌体中对Au3 + 具有还原作用的L 半胱氨酸和蛋氨酸的含量极少 ;D0 1菌体水解后葡萄糖含量的UV vis测定说明该菌体水解产物中含有一定量的还原糖 .空白的和吸附Au3 + 的D0 1菌体的FTIR检测表明该菌体细胞壁肽聚糖层糖类化合物的羟基和肽链侧链氨基酸残基离子化羧基为吸附Au3 + 的活性基团 ;肽聚糖层部分多糖的水解产物低聚糖、二糖及单糖等还原糖的半缩醛羟基游离态醛基为电子供体 ,将Au3 + 原位还原成Au0 .葡萄糖和Au3 + 相互作用的XRD和FTIR表征证明Au3 + 是在还原糖的醛基上直接被还原成Au0Biosorptive interaction of gold with resting cell of Bacillus megatherium D01 biomass has been characterized by spectroscopic techniques. The effects of pH, time and temperature on the correlation parameters of chemical kinetics and thermodynamics of the binding reaction has been investigated through the determination of the gold ion binding to the biomass using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The analysis for sulfur content in dry powder of the D01 biomass by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) shows that cysteine and methionine being capable of reducing Au 3+ to Au0 is very small, whereas the glucose content in hydrolysates of the biomass analyzed by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) indicates that the amount of the reducing sugars in the biomass is much larger than 3.33%. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy on blank and gold-loaded biomass demonstrates that the active groups such as the hydroxyl group of saccharides and the ionized carboxyl group of amino acid residues on the cell wall seem to be the sites for Au 3+ binding, and the free aldehyde group of the hemiacetalic hydroxyl group from reducing sugars, i.e. the hydrolysates of the polysaccharides, serving as the electron donor, in situ reduces the Au 3+ to Au0. X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD) and FTIR spectroscopic characterizations of the interaction of Au 3+ with glucose confirm that the reduction of Au 3+ to Au0 can directly occur in the aldehyde group of the reducing sugars.