Carbon cycling of forest ecosystems in response to global nitrogen deposition: a review
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
森林土壤和植被储存着全球陆地生态系统大约46%的碳,在全球碳平衡中起着非常重要的作用。过去几十年来,森林生态系统的碳循环和碳吸存受到了全球氮沉降的深刻影响,因为氮沉降改变了陆地生态系统的生产力和生物量积累。以欧洲和北美温带森林区域开展的研究为基础,综述了氮沉降对植物光合作用、土壤呼吸、土壤DOM及林木生长的影响特征和机理,探讨了森林生态系统碳动态对氮沉降响应的不确定性因素。热带森林C、N循环与大部分温带森林不同,人为输入的氮对热带生态系统过程的影响也可能不同,因此指出了在热带地区开展碳氮循环耦合研究的必要性和紧迫性。Forest soils and vegetation store about 46 percent of all carbon in the terrestrial biosphere, which play a critical role in global carbon balance. Increases in atmospheric nitrogen deposition over the last several decades have altered carbon cycling and sequestration of forest ecosystems by affecting productivity and biomass accumulation in terrestrial ecosystems. Based on the studies conducted in temperate forest regions in Europe and North America, the paper reviewed mechanism and characteristics underlying the impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant photosynthesis, soil respiration, soil dissolved organic matter (DOM), and tree growth, and the uncertainties as to the interactions between forest ecosystem carbon dynamics and nitrogen deposition were also analyzed and discussed. Most tropical forests function quite differently from temperate forests with regard to N and C cycling, and that the effects of anthropogenic N inputs on tropical ecosystem processes may also differ, so it is urgent and necessary to initiate studies related to carbon-nitrogen cycle coupling in the tropical regions.