Discussion on application and popularization of quaternary science in the 21~(ST) century:a case study in Xiamen Special Economic Zone
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
1953—1979年厦门沿海修筑的6条海堤不仅改变了原有的良好自然环境,而且产生了诸多应用第四纪问题:①纳潮量减少,港湾淤积加重;②海岸侵蚀作用加剧,部分海岸崩塌后退;③潮间带红树林消失,生态环境遭到破坏;④海滨沙滩流失严重,海水质量下降,水产养殖锐减.1981年至今,厦门市不断强化环保措施,努力实施可持续发展战略,获得的成果有:①在国内生产总值快速增长,人均产值突飞猛进的情况下,大气质量仍达国家一级标准,海水质量达到一类标准;②先后被评为“国家园林城市”、“国家环保模范城市”、“中国优秀旅游城市”等;③2003年荣膺中国城市各类综合评比中的最高奖项——中国人居环境奖;④现已步入环境与经济同步发展、良性循环的轨道,成为中国城市建设走可持续发展道路的楷模.最后强调了厦门市面对资源与环境的压力,与时俱进地加强第四纪科学应用与普及工作的重要性.The six sea walls constructed in Xiamen seacoast from 1953 to 1979 n ot only changed original nature environment,but also produced many application quaternary problems:①tide-absorbing capacity reducing,and the bay silt up in creasing;②the coast erode going into worse,and part of coasts collapsing and falling back;③intertidal zone mangrove disappearing,and ecosystem environment being destroyed;④sand beach in seashore running off severely,quantity of sea water falling,and marine products being reduced sharply. From 1981 to now,Xiamen city absorbed the experience precept,and continuousl y enhanced the environmental protection measure,and actualized in earnest conti nuable development strategy,and acquired the following results:①with gross do mestic product,GDP and per capita GNP increasing quickly,the atmosphere quanti ty still reached the first class nation standard,and the sea water quantity als o reached the first class standard;②the city was successively rated “National Park City”,“The Model City of National Environmental Protection”,and “Chi na Excellent Tour City”etc.;③the city obtained the tallest prize in all kinds of synthesis assessment of Chinese cities in 2003-the Chinese Reside Environme nt Prize;④it had already stepped in the circle of the synchronously developmen t and regular cycle of environment and economy now,becoming the model of China city walking on the road of sustainable development. The paper finally emphasized the pressure of Xiamen city in face of the resour ces and environment,and the importance of advancing with time and strengthening the application and popularization of quaternary science.