Rhizosphere Soil Nutrient and Enzyme Activity in Different Stand Age of Casurina equisetifolia Protection Forest
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
在福建省东山县滨海沙地,开展了不同年龄木麻黄林地根际和非根际土壤养分和酶活性的测定,研究结果表明:(1)不同年龄木麻黄林地根际pH小于非根际土壤,随林龄增长根际土壤和非根际土壤pH值均表现为下降趋势;根际土壤有机质、全氮和水解氮含量高于非根际土壤,各土层有机质含量在中龄林时最大;从中龄林阶段至过熟林,水解氮含量下降;全磷和速效磷含量从幼林发育至中龄林、近熟林逐渐减少,至过熟林略有恢复;根际土壤全钾、速效钾含量呈增加趋势。(2)不同年龄木麻黄林地根际CEC值、水解性总酸度、交换性盐基总量、交换性M g2+均大于非根际土壤;幼林龄根际交换性C a2+低于非根际;土壤CEC值在中龄林时最高。(3)不同年龄木麻黄林地根际土壤磷酸酶、过氧化物酶和多酚氧化酶活性均大于非根际土壤;随着林木的生长,根际和非根际土壤磷酸酶活性逐渐升高,并且根际与非根际间的差异也呈增大趋势;根际过氧化物酶活性从幼龄林到中龄林下降,随着林木生长至过熟林有所升高;根际多酚氧化酶活性在过熟林阶段高于其它发育阶段。This article emphatically reviews the difference of soil chemical properties and biochemical activities between the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil in different stages of Casuarina equisetifolia.It also reviews their dynamic patterns during Casuarina equisetifolia development.The result showed as follows:(1)In different stages of C.equisetifolia protection forest development, the pH value in rhizosphere soil was lower than that in non-rhizosphere soil and it shows the trend of declination in both rhizosphere soil and non-rhizosphere soil;The contents of organic matter,total N and hydrolytic N in rhizosphere soil was more than those in non-rhizosphere soil;Hydrolytic N shows the trend of declination in both rhizosphere soil and non-rhizosphere soil form half-mature stage to mature-stage;the content of total P and available P decreases from young stage to near-mature stage,and rehabilitate a little at mature stage;the content of total K and available K increases in rhizosphere soil.(2)In different stages of C.equisetifolia plantation development,the CEC,hydrolytic acidity and exchange Mg~(2+) in rhizosphere soil were more than those in non-rhizosphere soil,except for exchange Ca~(2+) in young C.equisetifolia protection forest;the CEC of soil arrive its max in half-mature stage.(3)As for the variation of the soil enzyme activity in different stages of C.equisetifolia protection forest,phosphataese,peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase were more active in rhizosphere soil than in non-rhizosphere soil;there was no obvious change on activity of urease;during stages of C.equisetifolia forest development,the active of phosphataese shows the trend of increase in both rhizosphere soil and non-rhizosphere soil,moreover,the difference between rhizosphere soil and non-rhizosphere soil were more obviously;the active of polyphenol oxidase in rhizosphere soil was more than that in other stages.