A Research on the Means of Technical Progress and the Change in the Terms of Trade
- 管理学院－已发表论文 
在垄断竞争的差异化产品模型假设下,在成本结构中引入技术进步的两种类型即资本节约型技术进步和劳动节约型技术进步。本国劳动节约型的技术进步使得本国同类产品的产出数量增多,贸易条件下降;但资本节约型的技术进步可使本国差异化产品种类增多,贸易条件上升。通过中国工业品行业的资本劳动比和贸易条件变化的关系,初步验证了该理论模型。On the differentiation product model assumption of monopolistic competition,two kinds of technical progress are introduced into the cost structure,that is,the capital saving technical progress and the labor saving technical progress. The labor saving technical progress of our country increases the production of the same kind of products and the terms of trade drop; however,the capital saving technical progress can increase the kinds of different products and the terms of trade rise. The relationship between the capital-labor ratio in China's industrial products and the change in the terms of trade validates the theoretical model initially.