Integration of Traditional Merchants with the Regional Society: On Shaanxi Merchants in the Ming and the Qing Dynasties and the Society in Guanzhong
【中文摘要】商人行为体现于商业资本的整个运作过程 ,与区域社会有着密切联系。通过区域社会特征的研究 ,可以更好地把握与说明。从关中社会这一视角考察明清“陕西商人” ,可以克服以往举例论证商人是否兼并土地这一研究方法的偏颇 ,证实了陕商总体上在家乡并未广置田地。“陕西商人”促成了关中社会的变化 ,同时又受到当地社会的各种限制与规范。传统商人与区域社会之间存在着无法割舍的互动与整合关系。【英文摘要】Merchants' behaviour was displayed in the whole process of the flowing of commercial capital. They were both closely related to the regional society. The study of regional characteristics can help us understand them. By studying Shaanxi merchants in the Ming and the Qing Dynasties in the light of Guanzhong society, we can get rid of some faults in the study. It is clear that the Shaaxi merchants did not buy a large quantity of land. Under various restrictions Shaaxi merchants helped to promote the change of the local society. There existed an inseparable integration and mutual reaction between traditional merchants and the regional society.