The constitutional restraint of the regulation of private property by the government
- 法学院－已发表论文 
第四次宪法修正案对公民私有财产作出了更加明确和具体的规定“公民合法的私有财产不受侵犯。”“国家依照法律规定保护公民的私有财产权和继承权。”“国家为了公共利益的需要,可以依照法律规定对公民的私有财产实行征收或者征用并给予补偿。”这一修改具有重要的法律价值首先,明确规定私有财产不受侵犯,使私有财产权的宪法地位得到确认;扩大了公民私有财产权的范围,从一般生活资料的私有权扩大到生产资料的私有权。其次,明确规定对政府行使权力的限制,即政府只能根据公共利益的需要、依照法律的规定并在给予补偿的条件下才能征收和征用私有财产。修正案颁布实施后,社会各界普遍认为宪法的这一修改有利于保护我国私有财产权,形成市场经济条件下私有财产权的法律保护体系。然而,宪法的这一规定仅仅从宪法规范上初步肯定了私有财产权的地位,宪法能否在实际的社会生活中真正起到保护私有财产权的作用,还要从宪法学原理出发,对宪法规范和宪法体制的合理性进行研究。The fourth Constitutional Amendment prescribes private property owned by citizens more specifically and concretely. The amendment contains important legal value which are as follows: first, specifically prescribes private property against violation, confirms the constitutional status of the right of private property and extend the range of the right of private property from the usual materials for living to materials for production, secondly, specifically prescribes the restraint of the performance of governmental power, that is to say. government only can take private property for public use with compensation pursuant to statutes. After the Constitutional Amendment was adopted, most of people generally think this amendment will contribute to protecting private property and forming the system of legal protection to private property in the market economy. However, the amendment only initially affirms the status of the right of private property from the aspect of regulations. Whether this amendment can truly play the role of protecting private property in practice, it still need to find the answer from the study of the constitutional regulation and the constitutional mechanism according to the theory of constitution.