Practice and Theory of Right of Refusal to Give Civil Evidence: Centered on Balance of Value
- 法学院－已发表论文 
证言拒绝权是现代法治国家对证人作证义务的一种法定免除,其法理基础在于社会生活某些领域的价值要超越纠纷解决所带来的安定性。在现代各国的立法上,通过确立民事证言拒绝权所要维护的社会价值包括证人自身的利益、家庭关系、职业秘密与公共利益。民事证言拒绝权以行使的方式为依据可以分为“完全的证言拒绝权”与“不完全的证言拒绝权”两大类。在证言拒绝权的实现上,两大法系的做法存在一定的差异。Right of refusal to give civil evidence is legal exemption from witnesses?obligation giving evidence of social life in modern ruled-by-law countries for that some values in certain fields of social life are beyond the stability brought about by the solution of some disputes. In the legislation of all countries, such values provided through setting up the right include witnesses?own interests, family relation, professional secret and public interest. According to the exercise mode of the right, it can be subdivided into two parts; absolute rights of refusal and relative right of refusal. There are some differences between the two legal systems on realizing it.