The Trade-Environment Rules of Regional International Organizations and Their Influcnces on WTO
国际贸易与环境保护是当今世界关注的焦点 ,在可持续发展原则得到国际社会普遍认同的情况下 ,诸多区域性国际组织都在不同程度上采取行动来协调二者关系。本文对欧盟、北美自由贸易区 ,以及亚太地区的代表性国际组织在这方面的实践进行探讨 ,并分析了它们的实践对 WTO的影响 ,最后指山 ,作为世界性多边贸易体系的基础 ,WTO只能限于协调对成员国产生重大影响的环境政策 ,发展中国家应用积极的应对策略The issue of international trade and environmental protection is arousing worldwide concern in modern society. With the principle of sustainable development boon widely recognized by international community, many regional international organizations have taken measures to various degrees. This article discusses the related practices adopted by EU, NAFTA, and other typical organizations in Asia Pacific Region, and their influences on WTO. As the basis of the multilateral trade system, WTO should confine its jurisdiction on the environmental policies with only material influence on its member countries, and developing countries should have positive strategy to cope with such a situation.