Preconcentration of trace elements from natural water with palladium precipitation
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Palladium salts can be used as a coprecipitation carrier for the preconcentration of trace elements from natural water prior to their measurement by atomic spectrometry (AAS). The palladium is subsequently reduced by the introduction of hydrogen gas into the sample solution. The procedure is applied to the determination of Cu, Pb and Cd in seawater (enrichment factor 50) and synthetic water samples. Operating conditions have been optimized for the analysis of real samples. With the technique established an enrichment factor (500 fold) is feasible in synthetic samples. The recoveries of Cu, Cd and Pb from seawater are 95, 103 and 100%, respectively. This simple and rapid method can be applied in a wide pH-range and with complex matrices.