Bond-distorted orbitals and effects of hybridization and resonance on C-C bond lengths
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A localized one-electron orbital base, called bond-distorted orbital, is introduced to study hypothetically localized structures in the framework of valence bond theory. The use of valence bond method with bond-distorted orbitals allows us to evaluate the effects of hybridization and resonance on carbon-carbon bond lengths at the nb initio level. Valence bond self-consistent field studies on the delocalized and hypothetically localized structures of 1,3-butadiene and 1,3-butadiyne show that the theoretical C(sp(2))-C(sp(2)) and C(sp)-C(sp) single bond lengths are 1.508 and 1.446 Angstrom, respectively, and that the theoretical resonance energies of 1,3-butadiene and 1,3-butadiyne are -7.9 and -15.8 kcal/mol, respectively.