Studies on critical concentration of liquid crystalline ethylcellulose
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Critical concentrations of lyotropic liquid crystalline ethylcellulose in more than ten solvents were determined using both Abbe refractometer and polarized microscopy. Critical concentration C-crit of forming Liquid crystal phase decreased with increasing solubility parameter delta of solvent until approaching the delta of polymer. Although the alcohols used as solvents had the same variation rule, the critical concentration values of their solutions were much higher, due to their excessive large hydrogen bond component of delta. The experiments of using mixed solvents which showed good linear relation between C-crit and delta also proved this rule. A technique of Transmission Optical Analysis was first used to estimate the concentration dependence of critical phase transition temperature T-crit of EC, and a T-C phase diagram could be drawn.