Misunderstanding on the Solution to “Enforcement Difficulties”and Its Correction
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】长期以来,学界及实务界一直将“执行难”的成因归结为“执行体制未理顺、地方保护主义严重、执行不力”等,但历经多年的改革以及法院系统遍寻破解良方,“执行难”不但没有消解反有逐步强化的态势。法院独有的“执行难”困局,究其实质在于信用制度的缺失。建构全国统一、协调共治的信用惩戒机制,是逐步克减法院“执行难”的必由之路。 同时,尝试引入法律服务中介机构,协助法院分流诉讼与执行压力,亦不失为化解民事司法危机之可行的改革进路。 【Abstract】For a long time, China has attributed the causes of “enforcement difficulties”to the “unsmooth enforcement system, local protectionism, and poor enforcement.”After many years of efforts on the part of the court system to explore solutions, “enforcement difficulties”have not been eliminated; rather, they have increased steadily. The crux of this issue, which is unique to China, lies in the lack of a credit system. Therefore, establishing a credit punishment mechanism that is unified, harmonized and jointly governed at the national level is the inevitable path we must take to reduce “enforcement difficulties”in China. In addition, introducing legal service intermediaries to assist courts in alleviating litigation and enforcement pressure is also a feasible path of reform to resolve the civil judicial crisis in China.