CO2-reforming of methane on transition metal surfaces
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The mechanisms of CO2-reforming of methane on Cu(111), Ni(111), Pd(111), Pt(111), Rh(111), Ru(001), Ir(111) and Fe(110) have been investigated by the the unity bond index-quadratic exponential potential (UBI-QEP) method. This method was named as the bond order conservation Morse potential (BOC-MP) approach before, but it has been generalized and renamed now. The heats of chemisorption (Q) for all involved adspecies, activation barriers (Delta E) and enthalpy changes (Delta H) for forward and reverse reactions were evaluated. The calculations indicated that both the dissociation of CH, and the dissociation of CO, are rate-determining steps and that they are promoted by each other. A small amount of OH radical may account for the lower activity for the CO2-reforming of methane. The activity sequence of catalysts is Fe>Ni>Rh>Ru>Ir>Pd>Pt>Cu. The most appropriate catalyst for CO2-reforming is Ru. The most suitable non-noble catalyst is Ni. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.