Vibrational Spectroscopy Criteria to Determine α-Pyridyl Adsorbed on Transition Metal Surfaces
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
[中文摘要]基于簇模型采用密度泛函理论在B3LYP/6-311+G**/LANL2DZ(metal)基组水平上计算了吡啶及α-吡啶基吸附于Pt、Pd、Rh、Ni四种金属表面的红外和拉曼光谱.通过详细地分析和比较计算结果与文献报道的实验谱图,提出了以N端吸附的吡啶分子和α-吡啶基这两种表面物种各自存在的谱学判据.计算结果表明在以上四种金属表面,α-吡啶基的拉曼活性比吡啶的小,而特征谱峰的红外强度与吡啶相当.该结果表明红外光谱是检测金属表面α-吡啶基的有效手段,也解释了采用表面增强拉曼光谱和红外光谱研究吡啶吸附在金属表面得出不同结构的原因.[英文摘要]Density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/6-311+G**/LANL2DZ(metal) level were used to predict the infrared (IR) and Raman spectra for pyridine and α-pyridyl upon interaction with platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), and nickel (Ni) clusters. After carefully comparing the simulated IR and Raman spectra with the corresponding experimental spectra from literature, the characteristic frequencies for the metal surface adsorbed pyridine and α-pyridyl were determined. Our results show that on these metal surfaces α-pyridyl has a far lower Raman activity compared with pyridine, but their characteristic frequencies have comparable IR intensities. This is the reason why different adsorption configurations are proposed for the IR and the surface-enhanced Raman spectra (SERS). Our results indicate that IR spectroscopy is an effective tool to detect α-pyridyl adsorbed on metal surface.