Facile synthesis of a interleaved expanded graphite-embedded sulphur nanocomposite as cathode of Li-S batteries with excellent lithium storage performance
Shu-Lei Chou(Univ Wollongong, Inst Superconducting & Elect Mat)
Shi-Xue Dou(Univ Wollongong, Inst Superconducting & Elect Mat)
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
This paper reports the facile synthesis of a unique interleaved expanded graphite-embedded sulphur nanocomposite (S-EG) by melt-diffusion strategy. The SEM images of the S-EG materials indicate the nanocomposites consist of nanosheets with a layer-by-layer structure. Electrochemical tests reveal that the nanocomposite with a sulphur content of 60% (0.6S-EG) can deliver the highest discharge capacity of 1210.4 mAh g(-1) at a charge-discharge rate of 280 mA g(-1) in the first cycle, the discharge capacity of the 0.6S-EG remains as high as 957.9 mAh g(-1) after 50 cycles of charge-discharge. Furthermore, at a much higher charge-discharge rate of 28 A g(-1), the 0.6S-EG cathode can still deliver a high reversible capacity of 337.5 mAh g(-1). The high sulphur utilization, excellent rate capability and reduced over-discharge phenomenon of the 0.6S-EG material are exclusively attributed to the particular microstructure and composition of the cathode.