Synthesis of block copolymer from dissimilar vinyl monomer by stable free radical polymerization
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Controlled polystyrenes with different molar mass values were synthesized starting from benzoyl peroxide and TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-1-oxy). The polystyrene homopolymers served as macroinitiators for the block copolymerizations of the dissimilar vinyl monomers butyl methacrylate (BMA), ethyl methacrylate (EMA), methyl methacrylate (MMA), octyl methacrylate (OMA), vinyl acetate (VAc), N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA), and 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl acrylate (DAEA). Polystyrene-polymethacrylate diblock copolymers with well-defined structures as well as controlled and narrow molar mass distribution were obtained from the lower-mass polystyrene macroinitiator. Contrary to methacrylates, VAc and DAEA are not readily initiated by the polystyrene macroinitiator. Block copolymer formation was confirmed by H-1 NMR and GPC measurements. On the basis of the 1H NMR investigation, there is strong evidence for the presence of TEMPO-terminated copolymers. The TEMPO-mediated polymerization is suitable for the synthesis of polystyrene-polymethacrylate diblock copolymers from vinyl monomers.