A Study on the Formation Mechanism of Western Phonocentrism
【中文摘要】皮亚杰认为,语言是动作内化而运演所构成图式(意义)的符码化。基于这一理论,根据“语言与意义”的分-合程度,“语言与意义”关系史可以宏观地三分为:“合一期”(未分)、“对一期”(和谐)与“分一期”(分离)。 从“对一期”转变为“分一期”的两大促因是:一,异语言(方言之间)的互遇;二,异媒介(音符与形符)的互省。在希腊特定历史语境中,这两大促因均为缺项或弱项。虽然希腊人后来借用了腓尼基字母创造了文字,但该文字不过是音符的形化。这使希腊迟迟没有迈入“分一期”,而是继续沉浸在“对一期”的欢欣之中。绵长“对一期”中语言与意义的“和谐关系”凝化为一种集体记忆,作为母本扩延至西方、演绎至现代,便形成了“语音中心主义”。 【Abstract】Piaget argued that language was the encoding of internalization of actions and schema of actions's motion.On the basis of the theory, the history of the relationship between language and meaning is divided into three phases: the unification period, the harmony period, and the separation period, depending on the affinity degree between language and meaning. The two main drivers of the shift from the unification period to the separation period are the cross-encountering of different languages and the mutual introspection of different media (voices and characters). In the historical context of Greece, the above two drivers were absent or weak. Although the Greeks later developed a writing system on the basis of the Phoenician alphabet, it was no more than a visual shape of oral speaking. This contributed to Greece's delay in entering the separation period. The long-term harmony period finally extended to the West, leading to the formation of Western phonocentrism.