From the Intervention-Type Government to the Regulation-Type Government
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】发挥市场配置资源的决定性作用,并不是政府不需要在经济领域扮演重要角色,而是政府角色的转型。从市场经济发达国家的经验看,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用,必须厘清政府和市场的边界,减少政府对经济的直接干预,转而为经济活动提供有效规制。规制指的是政府为控制市场运作而使用的一套特定的技术,目的是矫正市场失灵。从干预型政府向规制型政府变迁,是推进国家治理现代化的必然选择。而要实现这种转变,必须界定政府规制的内容、主体与工具,明确政府规制的范围和方式。从干预型政府到规制型政府是一个制度变迁的过程,制度变迁不仅会成为影响经济绩效的重要变量,也会成为社会发育的重要根源。建构面向国家治理现代化的规制型政府,必须夯实政府规制的法律基础,重塑政府规制的制度体系,提升政府规制的能力水平,创新政府规制的方式方法,抑制政府规制的寻租腐败。 【Abstract】To allow the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources does not mean that the government no longer needs to play a major role in the economic sphere; rather, it entails the transformation of the role of the government. The experience of advanced economies indicates that to allow the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and to give a better play to the role of the government, the boundary between the government and the market must be clearly delineated; moreover, it's crucial for the government to minimize direct intervention in the economy and to provide effective regulation for economic activities. Regulation refers to a particular set of technologies employed by the government to control market operations in order to correct market dysfunctions. The transformation from an intervention-type government to a regulation-type government is necessitated by the modernization of state governance. To facilitate such a transformation, it's crucial to define the contents, responsible parties and tools for government regulation and clarify its scope and means. The transformation from an intervention-type government to a regulation-type government is a process of institutional change, and such a change will become not only an important variable affecting economic performance, but also become an important source of social growth. To build a regulation-type government oriented towards state governance modernization, it's imperative to consolidate the legal foundation of government regulation, reshape the government regulation system, enhance government regulation capacity and standard, introduce innovative government regulation practices, and inhibit rent-seeking and other forms of corruption in government regulation.