“Confucianism” and Nationalitization: The Path to the Exploration of the Sinicization of Modern Political Parties
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】儒学传统并不存在现代政党的生长基因,相反,还在一定程度上阻碍着现代性政党因素的正常发生。近代中国政党主要是西学东渐的产物,具有明显的外源特质。政党文化移入后,面临的首要问题就是政党的中国化问题。中国国民党极力提升儒家在中国国族建构中的标识意义,进行了“儒化冶尝试,最终走向了自己的对立面;中国共产党则着重从中国国情的现实要求和近代政党的客观使命出发,确立了人民群众的国族主体地位,走出了民族化的道路,开辟了政党中国化的现实路径。国共两党的发展历史证明,“儒化冶并不是解决政党中国化问题的良方,只有扎根于中国的现实实践,依托民族实体,挖掘民众潜力,解决现实问题,才能建构起自身的合法性基础。 【Abstract】 Traditional Confucianism contained no genes for the growth of modern parties. On the contrary, it hindered the normal occurrence of modern factors of political parties to some extent. Exhibiting obvious external characteristics, modern Chinese political parties were mainly the product of the spread of Western studies to the East. The most pressing issue facing the parties after acculturation was their sinicization. In a bid to promote the identification of Confucianism in China's national construction, the Kuomintang carried out an experiment with “Confucianism”, only to become the very opposite of itself. In comparison, the Chinese Communist Party remained focused on the realistic requirements of China's national conditions and the objective mission of modern political parties; it set out to establish a national subject position for the Chinese people, embarking on the road to nationalization and opening up a path to the sinicization of political parties. The development history of both parties proved that “Confucianism” is not a solution to the problem of sinicization of political parties, and that no party could build its legitimacy foundation without being rooted in Chinese reality, relying on national entities,tapping the potential of the people, and solving practical problems.