The Emergence of Global Administrative Law and Transnational Regulation
- 2016年第一卷 
【中文摘要】对全球行政法兴起的讨论主要聚焦于“它是法吗”和可归责性两个方面。这种狭窄的视角忽视了行政机关本身所制定的行政“国内法”的自治权。国内行政法在多大程度上是法院或立法者的产物，并没有想象中那么重要。对全球行政法来说，行政的实践性与规范性的融合至为关键。通过试验网络的决策和公私合作的方式创造行政法，以及由此而引发的正在进行的行政法自我改造，都应当被视为具有必然性。因而，跨国行政网络创造了全球行政法的工具与形式已不足为奇。一旦委托代理的等级观念被 抛弃，新异质形式的可归责性与合法性，将产生于国内与跨国行政法的演进过程之中。对国内与全球行政法来说，注重采纳对行政行为进行事后监督的新方法并注重吸收新知识，似乎比注重强调事前法律规则约束力的传统方法更有前景。 【Abstract】Discussion of the emergence of global administrative law is centred around the question “Is it law?”and problems of accountability. This is a narrow perspective which ignores the autonomy of administrative "internal law"generated by administrative agencies themselves. The extent to which domestic administrative law is a product of courts or legislators is much less significant than has hitherto been taken for granted. For global administrative law the entanglement of administrative practice and normativity is crucial. The creation of administrative law through an experimental network of decisions and public-private cooperation, and as a consequence its ongoing self-transformation, should be considered a necessity. This is why it should not come as a surprise that the instruments and forms of global administrative law are generated by transnational administrative networks of agencies. The evolution of both domestic and transnational administrative law will allow for new heterarchical forms of accountability and legitimation once the focus on a hierarchical concept of delegation is given up. For both domestic and global administrative law the adoption of new approaches to ex post monitoring of administrative action and learning seems to be more promising than the traditional focus on the binding force of legal rules ex ante.