Standards to Identify and Decide the Legality of State Aviation Behaviors Performed in the South China Sea Region
【中文摘要】：南海地区上空是中国管理和开发其东沙群岛、中沙群岛、西沙群岛、南沙群岛及其附近海域的重要支撑体的一部分，中国对南海上空享有的权利包括维持中国大陆领土与其密不可分的群岛水域之间的主权联系，以及群岛自身发展所必需的既有的以及将来应当具有的一切权利。其他国家的“航行及飞越自由”不能干扰到此种权利的实现。学术界与实务界对航空器与航空行为的混淆使用，以及国家航空行为的概念研究缺失，使得国家航空行为以及国家航空行为国际运行的研判标准不明。本文通过对既有概念与定义的梳理，厘清了“航空器”与“航空行为”的区别，并在此基础上，通过分析国家航空器的目的属性与行为属性，界定了国家航空行为的概念。本文最后还对判定国家航空国行为国际运行的合法性标准进行了整理。 【Abstract】The South China Sea (SCS) airspace is a part of the important base supporting China's management and development of Dongsha, Zhongsha,Xisha and Nansha Islands as well as their adjacent waters. China's entitlement to the SCS airspace should include, all the existing and future rights necessary for the development of these SCS islands, and for the maintenance of the sovereign relations between China's mainland territory and its indispensable archipelagic waters. The freedom of navigation and overflight of other States should be without prejudice to China's exercise of such rights. Currently, the two concepts,“aircraft” and “aviation behaviors”, are confused and used interchangeably both in the academic and practitioner circles. In addition, studies on the notion of state aviation behavior are few. Therefore, there is no clear standard to identify state aviation behaviors or state aviation behaviors performed in foreign or international airspace. This paper, by collating and examining the existing concepts and definitions, clarifies the differences between “aircraft” and “aviation behavior.” Further,it defines the notion of state aviation behavior after reviewing the purpose and behavioral attributes of state aircraft. Lastly, the author sorts out the standards which can be applied to decide the legality of state aviation behaviors performed in foreign and international airspace.