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dc.contributor.authorTheodore Okonkwo
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-30T06:55:29Z
dc.date.available2017-03-30T06:55:29Z
dc.date.issued2016-12
dc.identifier.citation中国海洋法学评论,2016,(2):37-82zh_CN
dc.identifier.issn1813-7350
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/127647
dc.descriptionTheodore Okonkwo,环境法博士,尼日利亚哈考特港大学法学院国际公法系主任和高级讲师。zh_CN
dc.description.abstract【中文摘要】:迄今为止,国际社会获取周边海域的方式都带有殖民化的色彩,往往以国家利益的名义获取新领土。地球上大部分的海洋都位于特定国家和地区的海岸或边界之外,过去,人类对海洋的认识有限,各国之间也因此产生了各种冲突。在此背景下,各国有必要也有法定义务来制定国家管辖范围以外海洋公域的管理方式和方法。最近,世界各国政府齐聚纽约,召开了第一届联合国筹备委员会会议,讨论一项旨在保护国家管辖范围以外海洋生物多样性的新国际条约的主要内容,并将在2017 年将相关内容报告给联合国大会。本文将讨论公海保护活动中的这一重要进展。此外,海洋公域治理中还存在一些关键问题,本文希望在提高公众对这些问题的意识的同时,填补海洋公域管理中的一些空白。1982 年《联合国海洋法公约》是一部海洋宪章,本文将研究该公约中有关海洋管理的规定。此外,本文还将探讨海洋公域与全球公域的构成、涉及海洋公域的法律制度、《联合国海洋法公约》中规定的争端解决机制的作用,并讨论国家管辖范围以外区域海洋生物多样性的保护和可持续利用。 【Abstract】The approach of the international community to the surrounding waters has so far been inscribed in a logic of colonization and acquiring new territories in the name of national interest. The greater number of the earth's oceans are situated beyond the seashore or border of particular States and territories and the paucity of information concerning the oceans in the past has generated conflicts among States. In this context, there is a necessity and legal burden on States to fashion out ways and means of managing the ocean commons beyond national jurisdiction. Recently, world governments met in New York for the First Session of the United Nations Preparatory Committee to discuss the elements of a new international treaty to protect biodiversity in oceans beyond national jurisdiction and report back in 2017 to the United Nations General Assembly. Discussing this momentous process to protect the high seas, this article hopes to address some of the gaps in the management of the ocean commons and raise public awareness of some critical issues facing the ocean commons governance. Since the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982, is the constitution of the seas, this article examines the UNCLOS provisions related to ocean management. The focus also shifts to what constitutes ocean and global commons;the legal regime of ocean commons and the role of dispute settlement mechanisms articulated under UNCLOS, with a discussion on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in the areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ).zh_CN
dc.language.isozhzh_CN
dc.publisher《中国海洋法学评论》编辑部zh_CN
dc.subject海洋公域zh_CN
dc.subjectOcean commonszh_CN
dc.subject全球公域zh_CN
dc.subjectGlobal commonszh_CN
dc.subject生物多样性zh_CN
dc.subjectBiodiversityzh_CN
dc.subject国家管辖范围以外区域zh_CN
dc.subjectAreas beyond national jurisdictionzh_CN
dc.subject《联合国海洋法公约》zh_CN
dc.subjectUNCLOSzh_CN
dc.subject可持续管理zh_CN
dc.subjectSustainable managementzh_CN
dc.subject争端解决机制zh_CN
dc.subjectDispute settlement mechanismzh_CN
dc.title国家管辖范围以外的海洋公域管理zh_CN
dc.title.alternativeManaging the Ocean Commons Beyond National Jurisdictionzh_CN
dc.typeJournal Paperzh_CN


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