An Analysis of the Chinese Criminal Legislation in the Context of the International Combat against Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea
【中文摘要】：面对索马里海域猖獗的海盗和海上武装抢劫活动，安理会呼吁各国在国内法中将此种行为定罪入刑，并起诉海盗嫌疑人，打击此种有罪不罚的现象。中国作为打击索马里海域海盗的主要力量之一，理应在起诉和制裁海盗罪犯方面承担更多的责任。然而，中国目前的国内法却无法完全满足这一需求。首先，中国刑法尚未将海盗行为定罪，这是需要解决的首要障碍。此外，中国刑事诉讼法中的相关规定，使得法院难以起诉在公海或国家管辖范围以外区域抓获的海盗罪犯。鉴于这些问题，本文认为中国的刑法和刑事诉讼法都需要作出修订，以期更好地遏制海盗和海上武装抢劫这一全球性“痼疾”。 【Abstract】Facing the rampant piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia, the Security Council has called on all States to criminalize such offenses in their domestic laws and prosecute the presumed pirates, so as to combat impunity of the crimes. China, one of the major forces in the combat against piracy off the coast of Somalia, is expected to assume more responsibilities in the prosecution and sanctions against the offenders. However, the current domestic legislation of China might not be sufficient to meet this need. The non-criminalization of piracy is the first obstacle to overcome. Additionally, the criminal procedural law of China makes it difficult to prosecute offenders caught on the high seas or in a place beyond national jurisdiction. Due to these problems, some revisions are needed to be made to the criminal law and criminal procedural law of China, in order to better combat the global plague of piracy and armed robbery at sea.