New Historical Cartographic Records Supporting Chinese Sovereignty over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands
【中文摘要】：本文报道了新发现的欧美历史地图中有关钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿(简称“钓鱼岛”)的资料。本研究共发现14幅记录有钓鱼岛的18—19世纪(1895年以前）的英文和法文地图。在这些地图中，钓鱼岛的名称都以中文地名的音译标注。这些新发现的第三方历史地图和地名证据表明，在1895年《马关条约》签订以前，钓鱼岛已被中国人发现和命名，并且这一事实得到欧美社会的广泛认可。因此，本文认为钓鱼岛在历史上应为中国领土。 【Abstract】This article reports the discovery of new historical cartographic records concerning Diaoyu/Senkaku Island and its affiliated islands (hereinafter referred to as “the Diaoyu Islands”) by European and American cartographers. In total, 14 maps from the 18-19th centuries (prior to 1895) that recorded the Diaoyu Islands in English and French were discovered. Each of these maps refers to the Diaoyu Islands by using transliterations of their Chinese place names. This newly discovered, third party historical cartographic and toponymic evidence supports the claim that the Diaoyu Islands were discovered and named by the Chinese prior to the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, and that this was widely known in Europe and America. Thus, this article lends support to the claim that these islands are, in historical terms, within Chinese territory.