Electrocrystallization mechanism structure and microhardness of Ni-W-P alloy eletrodeposits
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The electrodeposition characteristics, structure and microhardness of Ni-W-P alloy have been studied by the methods of cyclic voltammetry, potentiostatic step and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that Ni-W-P alloy electrodeposit obtained from the solution containing ammonium citrate as complexing agent presented lower electrochemical activity compared with Ni-W alloy electrodeposit. Based upon the i similar to t curves of potentiostatic step, it was revealed that electrocrystallization of Ni-W-P alloy on glassy carbon electrode followed the mechanism of instantaneous nucleation and three dimensional growth with diffusion control. The crystal nucleus number on the surface of electrode was raised by the increase of overpotential. XRD experimental results showed that the Ni-W-P alloy electrodeposits obtained were obviously of the amorphous structure, and the microhardness of the alloy was about 450 kg/mm(2) at the stated plating solution and conditions.