Application of Composite Ionic Liquid in Electro-oxidation Activation of a C-H Bond
- 2017年第23卷 
本文将1-乙基-3-甲基咪唑醋酸盐离子液体修饰在多壁碳纳米管上，制备出离子液体/碳纳米管复合材料，并研究了对甲氧基甲苯（p-MT）在该复合离子液体水溶液体系中的电氧化性能. 同时，通过循环伏安法和计时电流法考查了扫描速率、温度、反应底物浓度等因素对电氧化性能的影响，研究了p-MT在该体系中的动力学过程. 实验结果表明，p-MT在复合离子液体水溶液体系中发生不可逆的电氧化反应，且该过程受扩散控制，扩散系数为7.69×10-10 cm2·s-1. 适当地升高温度和增大反应底物浓度都有利于促进p-MT中C-H键选择性电氧化为相应醛基，选择性可达到95%. 通过在不同结构电解槽中进行恒电位电解研究，发现离子液体/MWCNTs复合电解质在一室型电解槽中进行p-MT电氧化的电解效率更高、对目标产物对甲氧基苯甲醛（p-MBA）的选择性也更好.In this paper, the ionic liquid/carbon nanotube composite material was prepared through modifying the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. The electro-oxidation properties of p-methoxy toluene (p-MT) were studied using the composite as an electrolyte. The effects of scanning speed, temperature and substrate concentration were studied by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The electrochemical kinetics of p-MT in this system was also studied. The results showed that the electrochemical oxidation of p-MT in the composite electrolyte solution was irreversible. The process was mainly controlled by diffusion, and the diffusion coefficient (D) was 7.69×10-10 cm2.s-1. Increasing the reaction temperature and the concentration of substrate could promote the electro-oxidation of the C-H bond to the corresponding aldehyde, and the selectivity of p-methoxybenzaldehyde (p-MBA) could improve to 95%. The electrolysis in one-pot was more efficiency and achieved better selectivity than that in the H-type.