From “The Reader for Crown Prince”and“The Reader for Dukes or Princes”to“The Reader for Emperor”:On the Spiritual Influence of Qi Fa,Zi Xu Fu and Shanglin Fu over Liu Che
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】刘彻“为太子闻乘名”,一即位就“征乘”,表明枚乘作品曾给刘彻带来特别的阅读体验。《七发》对楚太子宫闺生活的批判以及阐扬知性生活的主旨,显示出作为太子精神读本的意义。《子虚赋》为司马相如在梁府时所作,表达出劝诫藩王禁淫守职的时代要求,堪称为“率多骄淫失道”的诸侯精神读本。《上林赋》对天子校猎至壮的铺叙,对天子往而知返形象以及大一统文化中国形象的描画,诸如此类,堪称为“明天子之义”的天子精神读本。刘彻由太子时对《七发》的阅读到建元三年(前138 年)前后对《子虚赋》《上林赋》的阅读,构成了由“太子读本”到“诸侯读本”“天子读本”的阅读史。在初为天子的第一个六年中,刘彻遭受了以儒学建元的失败,但以不自觉方式拉开了以大赋建元的时代大幕。 【Abstract】 To familiarize his crown prince with Mei Cheng, Liu Che summoned the Mei Cheng soon after he succeeded the throne, indicating that he had gained a special experience from his reading of works by Mei Cheng. The criticism of Chu Crown Prince's palace life and the gist of expounding and propagating intellectual life in Qi Fa reflect its significance as the spiritual reader for the crown prince. Zi Xu Fu was written by Sima Xiangru when he was in Liang's mansion, expressing the need to admonish seigniors change their lascivious life and fulfill their responsibilities; as a result, it became the reader for dukes and princes who lived a voluptuous life at the time. Shanglin Fu narrated in detail the magnificent heroic atmosphere when the Emperor went on a hunting trip and established the Emperor's image as a person who “goes away but knows when to return” and China's image as a nation with a unified culture. The narration could be taken as a reader for the Emperor to “understand the meaning of the Sun of Heaven”. From reading Qi Fa when Liu Che was the crown prince to reading Zi Xu Fu and Shanglin Fu in the third year of Jianyuan, there formed a reading history from “The Reader for the Crown Prince” to “The Reader for Dukes and Princes”, and “The Reader for the Emperor”. During the first six years as the crown prince, Liu Che experienced a setback when he tried to user in a new era for Confucianism; however, he unconsciously realized the wish of the times to establish a new era with the great poem.