Managed by Cultural Governance: Japan's Colonial Rule on Taiwanese Aborigines in the Period of 1895-1945
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】在有关“文化治理”的主流学术话语中,“文化治理”的概念与实践一直被放置于现代国家行政治理的脉络下讨论,忽视了如殖民统治这类特殊的历史经验。在台湾“日据时期”,日本殖民者的“理蕃事业”,初期以“恩威并济”作为基本施政方针,后续的“理蕃”政策则一直在“威压”与“绥抚”之间游移,至后期转向以“绥抚”为主。在其“绥抚”政策下,文化治理的实践始终贯穿于“藩地”殖民行政的“抚育教化”工作之中。日本殖民政府的文化治理术重视人类学知识的运用,其内在逻辑是通过建立在统治权力之上的文化霸权,对台湾原住民族群施行全方位的同化政策,促使他们的文化发生涵化。这种殖民主义文化治理术的迷惑性与毒害性所造成的后果及其长远影响,值得今天所有追求民主公义与民族自治的人们明辨和深思。 【Abstract】 In mainstream academic discourses, the concept of cultural governance and its practice have always discussed in the context of modern country's administration, while some special historical facts and experiences, such as colonial governance, have been neglected. From the concept and theory of cultural governance, this paper reviews the colonial cultural governmentality and its practice on Taiwanese aborigines during the period of Japanese rule. The Japanese colonial government's aborigine policy could be divided into two stages, the earlier stage which was mainly focused on coercion and management of the aborigines, and the later stage which laid emphasis on pacifying them. The practice of cultural governance had run through the colonial administrative work of pacification and indoctrination under the aborigine management policy. The Japanese colonial cultural governmentality values anthropological knowledge in practice. The operation of colonial administration has based on culture hegemony and ruling power, with policy of assimilation that enforced on Taiwanese aborigines. The insidious nature of such cultural governmentality and the long-term consequence it had caused is still worth of exploration and pondering for those who are pursuing democracy, justice and ethnic autonomy.