New Marxism's Discrimination on the Logic of Western Democracy
【中文摘要】以埃尔顿等人为代表的新马克思主义者,通过对现代民主政治国家及其本质的空间政治学分析与历史性考察,认为领土的诞生伴随着现代民主国家的诞生,民主政治的逻辑本质上就是领土逻辑,而民主观念实际上是一种基于计算理性的空间权力政治观念。新马克思主义对西方民主政治逻辑的分析表明,领土逻辑支配资本逻辑,政治现代性支配社会现代性,经济全球化的背后隐藏的是民主政治的全球空间政治实践。而保证中国特色社会主义的空间政治优势,则是我们进行经济全球化活动的根本前提。 【Abstract】 The essay focuses on the analysis of modern democratic states and its essence by the space politics of New Marxism as represented by Lefebvre, Doreen Massey and Stuart Elden. Through analysis the birth of modern democratic states using historic investigation, Stuart Elden contends that the birth of modern democratic states is concurrent with the birth of territory, and that the logic of democratic politics is essentially the logic of territory.In fact, according to the logic of territory, the idea of democracy is a kind of political idea of space power based on calculative rationality. Democracy pursues the territoriality of space, and it historically reproduces the original power structure and operational mechanism of democracy. According to the power structure of democracy, the logic of territory controls the logic of capital, and political modernity controls social modernity. Thus, what lies behind economic globalization is the global space political practices of democracy. The analysis suggests that we should be aware that maintaining the dominant position in space politics of Chinese characteristics socialism is the historic premises of Chinese economic globalization.