A Critical Analysis of the Self-Sufficiency Theory of the Formalism Literary Theory
- 2016年 
【中文摘要】自足论是形式主义文论的核心理论形态,有着清晰可辨的具有延续性的学理系谱,是形式主义文论各派的重要理论基础,并以不同方式展现在俄国形式主义的语言自足论、英美新批评的文本自足论、布拉格学派的符号自足论、结构主义的结构自足论和后结构主义的“互文”自足论之中。 自足论在理论上呈现出诸多内在矛盾,其根本性谬误在于要么将文学视为一个自治的语言领域,要么以二元论的观点看待文学与现实的关系。 【Abstract】 The self-sufficiency theory is the core theoretical form of formalism literary theory. The academic pedigree of the self-sufficiency theory is distinct and sustained. In five schools of formalism literary theory, as an important theoretical foundation, the self-sufficiency theory is present in different ways, taking the form of the language self-sufficiency theory of Russian formalism, the text self-sufficiency theory of Anglo-American New Criticism, the symbol self-sufficiency theory of the Prague School, the structure self-sufficiency theory of structuralism, the intertextuality self-sufficiency theory of poststructuralism. In theory, there are many inherent contradictions in the self-sufficiency theory. The fundamental fallacy of the self-sufficiency theory is that it either regards literature as an autonomous language domain or views literature and reality from the perspective of dualist theory.